• Conventional load bearing method ( economical):  masonry wall with wider width at base and 8” -9” above ground level either with brick or solid block. This is the most economical option if hard soil is met at shallow depth.
  • Load bearing method ( uneconomical) :  cr masonry – wider width from hard stratum till ground level and with a reduced width from ground level till the height required is used which act as a heavy retaining structure and this method is also suggested when hard stratum is met at shallow depth
  • Pile foundation method: this method is adopted  in case of loose soil wherein pile can be driven and a plinth beam can be cast at ground level above which masonry wall can be built and also alternate pile can be extended acting as buttress member which gives extra stability acting as retaining wall
  • Framed method: in case of hard stratum reaching within 7-8’ depth then conventional footings with plinth beam tie on ground level and conventional masonry work can be done.
  • Rc wall: in case to retain any water body structure than for the entire length RC wall concreting method is to be done where toe slab is created at the hard stratum level and RC wall is raised from the bottom till the required height but it is an expensive option.